About the institute

 

Historical Background

Instrument engineering has been always considered in the Russian Academy of Sciences as one of the highest-priority fields. That was the reason for foundation of Special Design Bureau for Analytical Instrumentation (SKB AP) in 1958. In 1977 SKB AP was rearranged into the Science and Technology Corporation of the USSR Academy of Sciences with the Institute for Analytical Instrumentation (IAI RAS) formed simultaneously on the basis of research laboratories of SKB AP.

Since its foundation the Institute has been established as a research centre oriented to the development of new instruments and methods for analysis of materials structure and properties and unique research equipment.

Business Card

IAI RAS is engaged in fundamental and applied research aimed at development of new methods, instruments and technologies in the areas of elemental á phase and structural analysis; nanotechnology and surface diagnostics; biotechnology, ecology and medicine.

Conceptually new methods of materials studies developed at the Institute have gained general acceptance.

Among them are electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for analysis of high-molecular compounds, grazing incidence Mossbauer spectroscopy for analysis of ultrathin surface layers, original procedures for molecular-beam epitaxial growth of nanoobjects, methods of rapid analysis of bioactive objects.

The Institute continues the work in its traditional areas such as mass spectrometry, Mossbauer- and electron spectroscopy, scanning probe microscopy, molecular-beam epitaxy, separation methods of analysis, mathematical modeling, measurement automation, digital signal processing etc.

Its scientific advances in the above fields have received wide recognition and formed the basis for development of unique multipurpose instrumentation.

The Institute's staff consists of specialists in a wide spectrum of areas capable to solve problems of any level of complexity.

 

Activities

At present IAI RAS is involved in the research and development projects covering all the lines of its activity.

The recent years have been marked by the rapid progress in mass spectrometric analysis methods and technology.

A new supersensitive method of trace (femto–and attomole) analysis of actinides in the environmental objects developed at the Institute is used in the IAEA programme for control of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

A novel circuit of the multireflection time-of-flight mass analyzer has been proposed. It was used to build a unique planar multireflection time-of-flight mass analyzer without mass range restrictions (no analogs in the world).

An unsurpassed resolution for the time-of-flight technology over 200000 is reached.

An important achievement is participation of the Institute in the development of the MTI-350 family of special-purpose mass spectrometers for the Russian nuclear fuel industry.

The soft ionization (electrospray) technique is used as the basis for intense development of bioorganic mass spectrometry at the Institute.

In the field of nanotechnology, considerable advances have been made in development of unique techniques for preparation of semiconductor nanoheterostructures (quantum wells, quantum dots, quantum wires, etc.) formed by molecular-beam epitaxy. Detailed kinetic theories of the nanometer whisker crystal (nanowhiskers) growth have been built. In association with the Laboratory of Physics of Semiconductor Heterostructures at the A.F. Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute, IAI RAS works on conceptually new devices based on the arrays of regular quantum dots (lasers, light emitting diodes, transistors, absorbers, etc.) and nanobiosensors.

Analytical instruments on microfluidic chips is another important area of Institute's activity.

Over the last five years (2000-2005) the Institute has developed a series of instruments for analysis of substance composition, structure and properties:

  • probe microscope adapted for operation in combination with a scanning electron microscope;
  • SM 4201TER Mossbauer spectrometer combining the functions of Mossbauer- and X–ray fluorescence spectroscopy (has no analogs in the world);
  • Nanofor ® automated analyzers of liquid samples produced in small lots.

A number of competitive instruments developed at the Institute in 2002–2005 have become a breakthrough in Russian instrument engineering for biotechnology and medicine:

  • MX5303 time-of-flight mass spectrometer for proteomics, medical biochemistry and ecology;
  • automated DNA sequencer based on capillary electrophoresis;
  • devices for quantitative DNA analysis based on real-time PCR;
  • cytoscope for bioobject visualization;
  • liquid-liquid chromatograph for analytical and preparative separation of substances.

The Catalog of instruments contains information on the instruments developed at IAI RAS and ordering terms.

The Institute's projects are supported by the programmes of RAS, Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Nuclear Engineering, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Federal Special-Purpose Programme "Integration", INTAS, IAEA, NATO, etc.

Among the Institute's priorities is personnel training in scientific instrument engineering. A continuous specialist training scheme is used: student – bachelor's degree – master's degree – post–graduate student – research scientist.

The Institute maintains post– graduate courses and a Dissertation Council for defending doctorate and candidate degree theses with specialization in instruments and methods of experimental physics.

The Institute publishes an academic journal Nauchnoe Priborostroenie (Scientific Instrumentation).